How does humanitarian intervention strengthen or weaken the state?
Before we answer this question, lets talk a little about what is humanitarian intervention. Humanitarian intervention is the agreed used of force, specifically a foreign military force on another state to address the threat of large scale violence and violations of fundamental human rights in that state. Such intervention is not welcome and is without the agreement of the violated country. The main motivation behind such impreachment of the sovereign of a state is justified by the fact that grave human rights have been breached and nothing short of a foreign military force is able to correct or address the issue and restore international peace and security.
There are mainly 2 concerns behind humanitarian intervention, the sovereignty of the country and the existing human rights violations in the state. The sovereignty of a state gives it the legal rights and freedom to govern the country and the people in ways that are deemed the most beneficial to the state and most importantly free from foreign interferences in the policy making of the country. Preservation of such sovereignty therefore is vital in internationl relations.
Humanitarian intervention is therefore executed in the event when violators of human rights justify themselves using sovereignty as a rational for their actions, thus hiding behind the protection of sovereignty. When such interference is imposed on the state, the freedom of the state to rule itself is directly seized and with that all the internation legal rights of the state are diminished or perhaps even reduced to a nil state. Without such legal rights, the state is clapsed in a grid lock and is paralysed in the governing of the itself. It is vulnerable to foreign policies that may not necessarily be to its own benefits or in worse cases, it might even be subjected to foreign policies that benefit outside forces instead of itself. Therefore from the definition of humanitarian intervention, we can say that the state is greatly weakened as it is very vulnerable to negative political forces.
Another issue that is brought about by humanitarian intervention is the further and direct violations of human rights brought about by the foreign military forces. As history has shown, although it may be necessary, military force may not always be the best solution when it comes to suppressing civil wars or events of human rights violation, specifically when the forgeign military forces abuse their authority as peacekeepers and become punishers instead, thus futher deteriorating human rights in the country. Such situations or side effects of humanitarian interventions are even made more serious when the peacekeepers themselves become the violators.
However, that being said, humanitarian intervention is perhaps the most logical way in upholding stability of a country inflicted with grave human rights violations. Critical problems require drastic actions and in the events of such massive infringement of human rights, there need to be immediate actions instead of conventions and talks from the international arena to stabilize the unrests in the country and promote international peace. It should however be noted that humanitarian intervention should be considered a temporary solution and never a permanent one, though the length of the military imposition is quite ambiguous. Humanitarian intervention thus provide a form of temporary relief to the international body in helping to tackle the source of the unrests in the country and with it, addressing the human rights violations of the country. Issues such as economic inequality, political unstability or even racial disharmony are perhaps the most common roots of unrests in most states which directly contributes to violations of human rights. In a very direct way, we can therefore say that humanitarian intervention brings about stability to the state.
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